Criminology and Criminal Justice - Foundation Degree (Lancaster University)
Qualification Obtained: Foundation Degree in Criminology
We provide the opportunity for you to study a Foundation Degree which leads to the BA top up in Criminology and Criminal Justice, this fascinating social science explores various disciplines such as psychology, sociology, law, human rights, penology, criminal justice and psychiatry.
By studying a degree in Criminology you will explore the issues relating to crime. Most people associate Criminology with the causes of crime but it goes well beyond this; it is important to consider that laws change over time and what may constitute as illegal in one society may be legal in another. The degree allows you to explore the social and political impact crime has on individuals, groups and society as a whole.
You will graduate with a Foundation Degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice, with the opportunity to progress onto a BA (Hons) top up degree. Whilst studying with us you will develop critical thinking, analytical and communication skills which will prepare you for a broad range of employment opportunities such as the police, probation, prison service, social work, youth work, criminal justice agencies and the Crown Prosecution Service.
You will be well placed for postgraduate study or to train in a teaching career by completing a PGCE.
To enhance your employability skills you will be required to complete a minimum of 50 hours in a professional setting as part of your Work Based Learning module. Additionally there will be various activities such as guest speakers from industries invited to deliver sessions and field trips included to prepare you for a stimulating and rewarding career.
Course Entry Requirements
A minimum of 48 UCAS points (previously 120) (excluding functional Skills). Applicants who are able to demonstrate relevant work/life skills or knowledge will also be considered on an individual basis.
2017 Entry Requirements
A new UCAS Tariff will be used for courses starting from September 2017, the new entry requirements are as follows;
A minimum of 48 UCAS Points (previously 120 UCAS Points) - excluding Functional Skills or an equivalent Level 3 qualification in a related discipline.
Career Options and Progression
The FD programme allows for entry onto our BA (Hons) Criminology and Criminal Justice Top-Up programme which is a one year programme. By converting your qualification to a full Bachelors degree it enables you to meet the specific vocations required by certain employers or for continuing in further studies such as post graduate qualifications (MA’s or PGCEs). You do not have to engage into the BA year immediately, you can return at a later date.
What are the career options with a criminology degree?
by Teila Smith | Oct 16, 2013
A degree in criminology or criminal justice will prepare you for a huge range of careers across the public, private and voluntary sectors. Major employers include central and local government, Police forces, The Prison Service, law practices, The Home Office, The National Criminal Intelligence Service and welfare charities. Popular jobs roles include:
- Case Review Manager
- Court Clerk
- Community Worker
- Immigration Officer
- Fraud Investigator
- Human Rights Officer
- Legal Secretary
- Intelligence Officer
- Political Adviser
- Police Officer
- Prison Officer
- Probation Officer
- Probation Service Officer
- Youth and Community Worker
- Youth Offending Team Officer
Criminology looks at crime as a social phenomenon so graduates also work in a range of social welfare posts, such as Social Worker, Drug Rehabilitation, Housing Officer and Victim Support. Criminal justice focuses on criminal systems so graduates tend to pursue roles based around law and enforcement.
There is overlap between the two subjects and studying either will provide you with a thorough understanding of the criminal justice system which is essential for these types of role. Some career paths will require additional qualifications and training but a degree in criminology or criminal justice will help launch your career and open doors to graduate level opportunities.
Studying criminology or criminal justice will equip you with desirable workplace skills such as written and oral communication, problem solving, critical evaluation and research. These skills are desired across a range of industries and many graduates enter jobs outside the criminal justice system.
Graduates can also choose to continue their studies with postgraduate qualifications. Master degrees in criminology or criminal justice are widely available and will enable students to extend what they have learnt in their degree. There are also a range of specialist degrees, which will develop expertise in a specific area, such as MSc Alcohol & Drug Studies or MSc Forensic Accounting. Law conversion courses and PGCEs (primary/secondary teaching) are also popular study options.
Earning a degree in criminology or criminal justice can open the door to a host of fascinating careers, many of which provide a unique opportunity to make a positive impact and help improve communities and society.
Modules and Assessment
Year 1 (Level 4)
CCJ101 Principles of Criminology (20 credits) introduces the key theoretical developments in the criminological enquiry. A key aim of the module is to develop student’s proficiency in the practice of critique. This includes developing the ability to identify underlying theoretical perspectives and ideologies that inform theory, to question taken-for-granted assumptions within the field of crime and justice and to construct clear, logical arguments informed by theory.
CCJ102 The Criminal Justice Environment (20 credits) introduction to the English legal system, police powers, Crown Prosecution Service, basic characteristics and functioning of legal systems. This module has been designed to develop both your general study and legal study skills and also your legal knowledge by considering the ideas of rules, rights and justice. You will consider the way in which rules develop, how laws are made and enforced, how rights are conferred and the concept of justice which underpins them
CCJ103 Alternative Responses (20 credits) examines alternative responses to offending behaviour including psychological interventions, mediation, advocacy, community sentences and restorative and community justice. The effectiveness and appropriateness of these interventions will be examined and future developments in the field will be discussed. Current government initiatives in dealing with the ‘crime issue’ will also be examined and students will apply knowledge to a range of case studies.
CCJ104 Crime, Punishment and Human Rights (20 credits) considers the relationship between crime and punishment and theory and practice in the criminal justice system, including evaluation of different explanations of and justifications for the implementation of the penal system and alternatives to that system. The unit will explore some of the key issues and debates concerning custodial sentences, including the issues of youth custody, women in prisons and mental health issues within the prison system. Secondly the unit will examine theories of criminalization, morality and the law in relation to ‘victimless’ crimes will be examined. In particular, the impact of moral ethical issues surrounding the Euthanasia debate will be investigated.
CCJ105 Crime and Society (20 credits) focuses on the relationships between crime, victimisation and other complex aspects of society including mental health, drugs and alcohol, disability and race and ethnicity. Learners will examine the key concepts of social exclusion and social capital in relation to crime.
CCJ106 Working in the Criminal Justice System (20 credits) identify and explore developments in the criminal justice system. A key aim of the module is to contextualize student’s work-based experiences, undertaken at level 5, with the aim of improving reflective practice in the criminal justice system and related agencies. This includes developing the ability to identify different penal logics and techniques that inform practice, to question taken-for-granted assumptions within the field of criminal justice and to construct clear, logical arguments informed by knowledge of the operation of the criminal justice system and the socio-political contexts in which it operates.
Year 2 (Level 5)
CCJ201 Criminological Thought (20 credits) identify and explore new perspectives and ways of thinking about crime and justice in the field of criminology and to examine the value of doing so. A key aim of the module is to develop student’s proficiency in the practice of critique. This includes developing the ability to identify underlying theoretical perspectives and ideologies that inform critical theory, to question taken-for-granted assumptions within the field of crime and justice and to construct clear, logical arguments informed by theory.
CCJ204 Research and Information Management (20 credits) introduction to methods and processes available to social scientists in researching Criminology and Criminal Justice. It explores the processes involved in locating and making sense of information used in the policy process and in generating new information through research.It introduces and examines a range of technologies to assess the use of information and provides skills in the use of such technologies and in the design, conduct and analysis of social research.
CCJ207 Work Based Learning (40 credits) link undergraduate-level learning to the workplace. The main focus is on the working environment. The method of learning, teaching and assessment is based on actual work as far as possible, on either a paid or voluntary basis. The structure of the module is such that it should benefit both the student and the employer.
Students are required to carry out a minimum of 50 hours at a work placement, leaving time for class-based sessions. These will take place mainly at the start of the first semester-to help learners prepare for the placement-and at the end of the second semester-to help learners complete the placement report.
Placements can take place at any recognised organisation involved in work relating either directly or indirectly to the criminal justice system. Additionally, the placement can involve either paid employment or voluntary work. How learners complete the 50 hours in, is something that will be negotiated with the placement provider in order to sort out arrangements that are mutually convenient for both parties.
Assessment strategies and methods vary with individual modules, it is an integral part of the learning process and reflects the key skills and employability skills being developed. They include formative informal observation, question and answer, discussion, activities, assignments, individual presentations and on-line reflective log. Summative assessment is based on submission of formal, written assessments (essays and reports), individual presentations, and examinations both seen and unseen.
Breakdown of assessment methods:
Year 1 (Level 4)
- Principles of Criminology; 50% coursework, 50% exam
- The Criminal Justice Environment; 100& coursework
- Alternative Responses; 75% coursework, 25% presentation
- Crime, Punishment and Human Rights; 50% coursework, 50% exam
- Crime and Society; 100% coursework
- Working in the Criminal Justice System; 100% coursework
Year 2 (Level 5)
- Criminological Thought; 100% coursework
- Forensic Psychology (optional); 100% exam
- Youth Offending (optional); 100% coursework
- Research and Information Management; 25% coursework, 45% practical, 30% exam
- IT & Crime (optional); 50% coursework, 50% exam
- Criminal Law (optional); 100% exam
- Work Based Learning; 100% coursework plus 50 hours work placement
Teaching and Learning Methods
You will be taught by tutors with explicit subject knowledge whom from experiences and research skills can apply theory to practice. All tutors engage into scholarly activity to ensure there is a high quality dialogue of teaching provided. The teaching and learning strategies and methods include: lecture style delivery, whole and small group discussion, individual and groupwork, presentations, seminars, research tasks, case studies, the use of Virtual Learning Environments, on-line reflective logs, tutorials and personal research.
Percentage of time in different learning activities, by year for this course:
Year 1: 20% time in lectures, 80% time in independent study
Year 2: 16% time in lectures, 81% time in independent study, 3% time on placement
Work Placement and Field Trips
All students will be required to undertake a work placement in the area of criminal justice (either directly or indirectly). The work based learning module runs over both semesters in the second year and students are required to carry out a placement lasting a minimum of 50 hours. Students are encouraged to set up this placement themselves, as job seeking and making links with employers is an essential employability skill. The module aims to link undergraduate-level learning to the workplace, the main focus being the working environment and reflecting on positive and negative experiences.
All staff involved in the delivery of higher education courses within the College are approved to teach the subjects and modules they deliver. The approval process ensures that staff delivering a given programme are appropriately qualified and, where appropriate, possess relevant vocational and industrial experience and professional practice.
Read our tuition fees guide.
You should be aware that there may be additional costs to consider such as optional educational visits and photocopying/printing.
Resources required to achieve the learning outcomes of the programme are provided by the College.
Regulation and Accreditation
This programme is regulated by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE).
Terms and Conditions
Read our full terms and conditions for more information.
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